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SN1944W
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Special event call from SP5PWA; Warsaw Field Division of PZK Club Station

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SN1944W

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The special event call run by club station SP5PWA to commemorate the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, 1st August - 3rd October.

This is a special callsign SN1944W commemorating the 73th anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising in 1944

Znak okolicznociowy z okazji 73rocznicy wybuchu Powstania Warszawskiego. ZnakSN1944Wbdzie aktywny od 1 sierpnia 2017r.do 3 padziernika 2017r.

The Warsaw Uprising (Polish: powstanie warszawskie) was a major World War II operation by the Polish resistanceHome Army (Polish: Armia Krajowa)to liberate Warsaw from Nazi Germany.

The Uprising was timed to coincide with the Soviet Union's Red Army approaching the eastern suburbs of the city and the retreat of German forces. However, the Soviet advance stopped short,enabling the Germans to regroup and demolish the city while defeating the Polish resistance, which fought for 63 days with little outside support. The Uprising was the largest single military effort taken by any European resistance movement during World War II.

The Uprising began on 1 August 1944, as part of a nationwide plan, Operation Tempest, when the Soviet Army approached Warsaw. The main Polish objectives were to drive the German occupiers from the city and help with the larger fight against Germany and the Axis powers. Secondary political objectives were to liberate Warsaw before the Soviets, to underscore Polish sovereignty by empowering the Polish Underground State before the Soviet-backed Polish Committee of National Liberation could assume control. Also, short-term causes included the threat of a German round-up of able-bodied Poles, and Moscow radio calling for the Uprising to begin.

Initially, the Poles established control over most of central Warsaw, but the Soviets ignored Polish attempts to establish radio contact and did not advance beyond the city limits. Intense street fighting between the Germans and Poles continued. By 14 September, Polish forces under Soviet high command occupied the east bank of the Vistula river opposite the resistance positions; but only 1,200 men made it across to the west bank, and they were not reinforced by the bulk of the Red Army. This, and the lack of Soviet air support from a base 5 minutes flying time away, led to allegations that Joseph Stalin tactically halted his forces to let the operation fail and allow the Polish resistance to be crushed. Arthur Koestler called the Soviet attitude "one of the major infamies of this war which will rank for the future historian on the same ethical level with Lidice."

Winston Churchill pleaded with Stalin and Franklin D. Roosevelt to help Britain's Polish allies, to no avail. Then, without Soviet air clearance, Churchill sent over 200 low-level supply drops by the Royal Air Force, the South African Air Force and the Polish Air Force under British High Command. Later, after gaining Soviet air clearance, the US Army Air Force sent one high-level mass airdrop as part of Operation Frantic. The Soviet Union refused to allow American bombers from Western Europe to land on Soviet airfields after dropping supplies to the Poles.

Although the exact number of casualties remains unknown, it is estimated that about 16,000 members of the Polish resistance were killed and about 6,000 badly wounded. In addition, between 150,000 and 200,000 Polish civilians died, mostly from mass executions. Jews being harboured by Poles were exposed by German house-to-house clearances and mass evictions of entire neighbourhoods. German casualties totalled over 8,000 soldiers killed and missing, and 9,000 wounded. During the urban combat approximately 25% of Warsaw's buildings were destroyed. Following the surrender of Polish forces, German troops systematically leveled another 35% of the city block by block. Together with earlier damage suffered in the 1939 invasion of Poland and the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in 1943, over 85% of the city was destroyed by January 1945, when the course of the events in the Eastern Front forced the Germans to abandon the city.


From the memoirs of Mathias Schenk, an 18-year old Belgian who served as Sturmpionier

Or that Polish woman" (Schenk doesn't remember which action it was). "Every time, when we stormed the cellars and women were inside the Dirlewanger soldiers raped them. Many times a group raped the same woman, quickly, still holding weapons in their hands. Then after one of the fights, I was standing shaking by the wall and couldn't calm my nerves. Dirlewanger soldiers burst in. One of them took a woman. She was pretty. She wasn't screaming. Then he was raping her, pushing her head strongly against the table, holding a bayonet in the other hand. First he cut open her blouse. Then one cut from stomach to throat. Blood gushed. Do you know, how fast blood congeals in August?"

There is also that small child in Dirlewangers hands. He took it from a woman who was standing in the crowd in the street. He lifted the child high and then threw it into the fire. Then he shot the mother."

Or that little girl who unexpectedly came out of the cellar. She was thin and short, something about 12 years old. Torn clothes, disheveled hair. On one side we, on the other Poles. She was standing by the wall not knowing where to run. She raised her hands, and said Nicht Partizan. I waved with my hand that she shouldn't be afraid and should come closer. She was walking with her little hands up. She was squeezing something in one of her hands. She was very close when I heard a shot. Her head bounced. A piece of bread fell out from her hand. In the evening the platoon leader, he was from Berlin, came up to me and said proudly: It was a master shot. Wasnt it? He smiled proudly."

Frequently children came to us. They couldn't find their parents. They wanted bread. A small Polish boy brought us food when we were on guard duty. I don't think he was a captive. I don't know. I was then on guard in a cellar of a textile factory. The boy didn't know German, but we could communicate with gestures. When I had, I gave him cigarettes. Passing by was a SS-man. He waved at the boy to follow him. The boy went after him. Then I heard a shot. I ran. The dead boy was lying on the stairs. The SS-man pointed the gun at me. He gave me a long look, but eventually left. This is how matters were in Warsaw."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wola_massacre

The Wola massacre (Polish: Rze Woli, "Wola slaughter") was the systematic killing of around 40,00050,000 people by Nazi German troops during the Warsaw Uprising in 1944. Between 5 and 12 August 1944, tens of thousands of Polish civilians along with captured resistance fighters were indiscriminately shot or killed in organised mass executions throughout the Wola district of the Polish capital Warsaw. The action was designed to crush the Poles' will to fight and put the uprising to an end without having to commit to heavy city fighting.[1] However the Germans soon found that the atrocities in Wola only stiffened Polish resistance. German authority across the city was only achieved after more than two months of heavy fighting and the total destruction of Warsaw.

Warsaw Rising Museum web page:http://1944.pl/en/

General informations about the Uprising are available both on Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw_Uprising
andhttp://www.warsawuprising.com

1 sierpnia 1944 roku w Warszawie wybucho Powstanie przeciwko hitlerowskiemu okupantowi. Przez 63 dni onierze Armii Krajowej prowadzili heroiczn i osamotnion walk, ktrej celem bya niepodlega Polska. Walka zakoczya si kapitulacj bohaterskich Powstacw, a w odwet hitlerowcy niemal zrwnali Warszaw z ziemi. W czasie Powstania stracio ycie prawie 200 tysicy ludzi, tych, co walczyli i tych zamordowanych mieszkacw Warszawy.W Hodzie Bohaterom 1944 roku w stolicy powstao Muzeum Powstania Warszawskiego. S tu pamitki z czasw Powstania, bro, fotografie,rodki cznoci i przedmioty codziennego uytku. Na cianie muru wyryto nazwiska polegych Powstacw, a w Parku Wolnoci postawiono pomnik ku czci umczonych i zamordowanych mieszkacw Warszawy.W Powstaniu Warszawskim bardzo wan rol odegray foniczne radiostacje nazwane "Burza" i Byskawica. Dziki nim wiat dowiedzia si o bohaterskich walkach Powstacw, przesyane byy meldunki do Londynu ,a take nadawano audycje Polskiego Radia.Twrcami radiostacjii w 1944 roku byli krtkofalowcy Antoni Zbik i Wodzimierz Markowski. Po wielu latach Antoni Zbik SP7LA w wraz z polskimi krtkofalowcami zbudowa replik radiostacji Byskawica, a Wodzimierz Markowski SP5MW pokierowa budow radiostacji Burza, ktr wykonali krtkofalowcy z Warszawy. Obie repliki radiostacjii s sprawne i znajduj si na ekspozycji w Muzeum Powstania Warszawskiego.

Wodzimierz Markowski SP5MW i replika radiostacji Burza (rok 2005) Antoni Zbik SP7LA w MPW przy replice radiostacji Byskawica (rok 2005)



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